2008年台北扶輪研習會
第4B, 6B及7B地帶
2008年10月15~19日

2008 Taipei Rotary Institute, Zones 4B, 6B & 7B,
Oct. 15~19, 2008

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Health and Hunger concerns
保健與防飢

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Health and Hunger                                                                                               保健關懷Health Concerns 中文網頁

Health and Hunger Concerns


Background

  • While global infant mortality rates have fallen by two-thirds since 1950, in some developing countries mortality rates for children under age five are more than 50 times higher than in the industrialized world.

  • Malnutrition accounts for nearly 1 million child deaths.

  • More than 50 million women give birth without the assistance of a skilled medical professional.

  • More than 70 percent of all child deaths are caused by diarrhea, malaria, neonatal infection, pneumonia, preterm delivery, or lack of oxygen at birth.

  • Children who have lost their mothers are up to 10 times more likely to die prematurely.

  • In developing countries, the major killers remain infectious diseases, including respiratory illnesses, tuberculosis, and malaria, which are often associated with poverty and unhealthy environments.

  • Some 840 million people — one out of every seven worldwide — are malnourished.

  • An estimated 25,000 people die each day as a result of chronic hunger problems.

 

Recommended Action

  • Establish a hot lunch program for disadvantaged children at a local school.

  • Establish a medical clinic using donated equipment and supplies, and provide a trained birth attendant.

  • Deliver mosquito nets, rehydration salts, vitamins, and vaccines to families in affected areas.

  • Hold an immunization drive or a health fair that provides information on health and screening services, in collaboration with the local health department.

  • Organize continuing education opportunities for local health professionals.

  • Locate areas needing medical assistance and recruit fellow Rotarians with medical expertise to visit the area and provide their services at no charge.

  • Make available appropriate technology tools, expertise, and training to farmers to help increase their harvests, and encourage them to assist neighboring farmers.

  • Provide vegetable seeds and training to impoverished families to enable them to raise food in their own gardens.

 

Resources

  • World Health Organization (WHO) at www.who.org  

  • Health and Hunger Resource Group

  • RI President’s web page at www.rotary.org

  • RI Programs staff

  • Service and Fellowship web page at www.rotary.org

  • ProjectLINK, a searchable database that links Rotary clubs needing project assistance with clubs in other countries.